As immigration, technological change, and globalization reshape the world, journalism plays a central role in shaping how the public adjusts to moral and material upheaval. This, in turn, raises the ethical stakes for journalism. In short, reporters have a choice in the way they tell these stories: They can spread panic and discontent or encourage adaptation and reconciliation. In Murder in Our Midst, Romayne Smith Fullerton and Maggie Jones Patterson compare journalists' crime coverage decisions in North America and select Western European countries as a key to examine culturally constructed concepts like privacy, public, public right to know, and justice. Drawing from sample news coverage, national and international codes of ethics and style guides, and close to 200 personal interviews with news professionals and academics, they highlight differences in crime news reporting practices and emphasize how crime stories both reflect and shape each nation's attitudes in unique ways. Murder in Our Midst is both an empirical look at varying journalistic styles and an ethical evaluation of whether particular story-telling approaches do or do not serve the practice of democracy.
Media Ethics: Key Principles for Responsible Practice makes ethics accessible and applicable to media practice, and explains key ethical principles and their application in print and broadcast journalism, public relations, advertising, marketing, and digital media. Unlike application-oriented casebooks, this text sets forth the philosophical underpinnings of key principles and explains how each should guide responsible media behavior. Author Patrick Lee Plaisance synthesizes classical and contemporary ethics in an accessible way to help students ask the right questions and develop their critical reasoning skills, as both media consumers and media professionals of the future. The Second Edition includes new examples and case studies, expanded coverage of digital media, and two new chapters that distinguish the three major frameworks of media ethics and explore the discipline across new media platforms, including blogs, new forms of digital journalism, and social networking sites.
This chapter demonstrates the distinctive opportunities presented by studying ethics abroad for challenging both ethnocentrism and relativism. Instructors can expect to learn about particular pedagogical strategies to interrogate these stances, including the use of experiential learning, structured reflection and comparative analysis.
Virtue ethics (VE) theory and scholarship in media and communication have become increasingly vibrant and worthy of serious attention. For all VE has to offer, however, it is not unusual for the theory to be explained and applied inaccurately in the literature and in textbooks. This limits the theory’s potential for addressing enduring issues in media and communication, as well as emerging ones. I will argue that a major source of this theoretical distortion is the epistemological hegemony of “thin concepts” in ethics to the neglect of “thick concepts.” In particular, I will focus on the thinning out of four central concepts that are analytically distinct but closely related: virtues, practical reasoning, eudaimonia, and the common good. I will end this essay with a discussion of implications for the VE agenda in media and communication ethics.
In Journalism as Practice, Sandra L. Borden shows that applying philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre's ideas of a 'practice' to journalism can help us to understand what is at stake for society and for those in the newsrooms who have made journalism their vocation. She argues that developing and promoting the kind of robust group identity implied by the idea of a practice can help journalism better withstand the moral challenges posed by commodification.
The Companion opens with a comprehensive historical overview of ethics, including chapters on Plato, Aristotle, Hume, and Kant, and ethical thinking in China, India and the Arabic tradition. The second part covers the domain of meta-ethics. The third part covers important challenges to ethics from the fields of anthropology, psychology, sociobiology and economics. The fourth and fifth sections cover competing theories of ethics and the nature of morality respectively, with entries on consequentialism, Kantian morality, virtue ethics, relativism, evil, and responsibility amongst many others. A comprehensive final section includes the most important topics and controversies in applied ethics, such as rights, justice and distribution, the end of life, the environment, poverty, war and terrorism.
Marcus Aurelius was Emperor of Rome from 161 to 180 AD. He governed over a golden era of the Roman Empire. Despite being an emperor Marcus had a difficult life. Marcus ruled as a philosopher king, he practiced Stoicism and wrote about his own Stoic practice in his journals. Meditations is considered one of the pillars of western philosophy and literature. It is also a rare primary source into the mind of a man who ruled over one of the greatest empires built by man.
Every so often, you meet people who radiate joy—who seem to know why they were put on this earth, who glow with a kind of inner light. Life, for these people, has often followed what we might think of as a two-mountain shape. They get out of school, they start a career, and they begin climbing the mountain they thought they were meant to climb. Their goals on this first mountain are the ones our culture endorses: to be a success, to make your mark, to experience personal happiness. But when they get to the top of that mountain, something happens. They look around and find the view . . . unsatisfying. They realize: This wasn’t my mountain after all. There’s another, bigger mountain out there that is actually my mountain.
The following text is downloadable via Adobe pdf, and it is free. We would appreciate your citing the text and the authors if you make use of the text. You also need to mention that the text was originally published by Allyn & Bacon (Needham Heights, MA: 2000). The ISBN is 0-205-30779-5.
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Dr. Lisa Newton has written this manual for use in her courses in professional and practical ethics and has consented to having it posted for wider use. It has an extensive collection of cases and supplies a method for coming to understand the sorts of ethical problems that arise for professionals, among other things. If you quote the manual or use it, you should cite Dr. Newton as the author, give the title, and cite the web site address as the source.